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Thursday, September 13, 2007

Crop Husbandry with Horticulture

Crop Husbandry with Horticulture (Code No. 08)
Definition and importance of crop husbandry, scope of crop husbandry, agroecological
zones and geographical distribution of crops.
Elements of crop production, cropping system including concept of inter
cropping, multiple cropping, relay cropping system including sequential cropping,
multistoeyed cropping and their importance in relation to crop production. Crop rotation,
soil erosion, soil conservation practices and structures. Soils and soil management. Soil
fertility and productivity, essential plant nutrients, fertilizers and organic manures
including biofertilizers.
Soil plant water relationship, methods of irrigation and drainage, present status
and sources of irrigation in the country and state of Rajasthan. Management of irrigation
in major crops.
Types of weeds and weed control, types and use of herbicides.
Important crops of India, cultural practices for cereals, pulses, oil seed, fiber,
sugar and tuber crop.
Importance and scope of Horticulture in India. Factors affecting the growth and
development of horticultural plants. Nutritive value of fruits and vegetables. Area,
production of major fruits, and export-import and vegetable crops of India. Nursery
management practices; Classification of fruits on the basis of their climatic requirement.
Planning and layout of orchards, planting system, management of orchards including
manuring. Irrigation, training, pressing control of diseases and pests, protection of
orchards against adverse weather conditions, classification of vegetables. Different types
of vegetable gardening, management of vegetable farms including nursery raising.
manuring, irrigation, interculture operations, harvesting and control of diseases and pests.
Production techniques in brief for importance fruits and vegetables of India,
namely, mango, citrus, guava, papaya, grapes, Ber, Aonla, progranate and vegetable like
solanacious crop, cole crops, peas and beans, onion. okra, curcurbitacious crops, etc.
Weed management, fertility management in horticultural crops, cropping systems, inter
cropping , mulching . Factors influencing the fruitfulness and unfruitfulness.
Rejuvenation of old orchards. Harvesting, post harvest handling, processing, marketing
and storage of fruits.

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